KARROLA: A MEGALITHIC SITE IN PRAKASAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH By Dr. Yadava Raghu

Birth and Death are common and important events in the life of human beings. We did not know about the birth ceremonies performed by human beings in the past.  But people have been practiced diverse modes of rituals and death ceremonies from time immemorial.

The Iron Age of the Southern Peninsular is in some aspects curiously neglected.  There is a large body of evidence relating to it, which is derived from the great complex of Iron Age burials, known as ‘Megaliths’.  The area covered by these Iron Age graves is quite extensive in South India1. This culture extended to almost all regions in India such as Himalayan foot hills, Kashmir region, and North-Eastern states, Central and South India.  The word Megalith was derived from two Greek words i.e., Megathos means ‘huge’ and Lithoi means ‘stone’.   Using huge stones the Megalithic people built various types of monuments.  Based on the constructional design, these monuments are classified into several types like the Dolmens, Dolmenoid-cists, Stone circles, Menhirs, etc.

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