India got its independence in 1947. India afterwards needed its own constitutional setup. It was not simple though a very complex phenomenon. It later on shaped itself to the Union and State Concept. The main concept of Federalism was “Distribution of Powers.” Union as a whole that deemed to be central power administered its constituent States. It is only after that it became necessary to shape up the Federal structure of India. The Supreme courts and the High Courts of several states helped in developing Indian Federalism. As time passed by the States started Forming up. Certain regional parties also bloomed up which in a way created a negative impulse on the Federal structures functionality. This research article shortly examines the major issues post Independence with reference to Keshavanand Bharti case and S.R. Bommai case along with Article 368 of the Constitution of India. The active role of Supreme Court of India in both the cases will be ascertained with short review.
Keywords: Constitution of India, Federalism, Supreme Court of India.