SYMBOLISM IN THE POEM ‘STOPPING BY THE WOODS ON A SNOWY EVENING’ By Dr. Sunitha Anilkumar

Robert Frost is an American poet whose works were published in England. They are realistic depictions of rural life and his works frequently employed settings from the rural land in the New England in the early 20th century. He received Pulitzer prizes for poetry. The poems of Robert Frost are “The Road Not Taken,” “Mending Wall” and “Birches.” A large number of Frost’s poems on the surface seem to be literal descriptions of landscapes and events. The subtle devices adopted by Frost such as using a word here and an image there make his poems to attain symbolic proportions. The artistic devices adopted by the poet are so artlessly employed that one often wonders whether one has not made a mistake in reading between the lines. Symbolism is a figure of speech that is used when an author wants to create a certain mood or emotion in a work of literature. It is the use of an object, person, situation or word to represent something else, like an idea, in literature. Symbolism is that it is different from an allegory, in the sense that an allegory is more deliberate and organised whereas symbols are rather casual and natural. Allegory stands for one particular thing or idea from the beginning to end. Symbols have different meanings in different contexts.

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