Patriarchy is an all-embracing term in feminist studies. Under patriarchy women are oppressed both by the patriarch and the matriarch. Matriarch oppresses women particularly over the daughters and the patriarch, oppresses women particularly over the daughters-in-law. A woman, who act with oppressive power politics and represses her daughter or daughter-in-law, is resented and feared as a matriarch. She unknowingly works as an agent of patriarchal norms in a male dominated society. This article aims at exploring the ways through which the novelist Shashi Deshpande tries to question the prevailing notions of female identity in India.