The condition of women in a society is an index of that society’s place in civilization. Societies that discriminate on the basis of gender pay a significant price in terms of higher poverty, low quality of life, slower economic growth, and weaker governance. Women are dominated by patriarchal kinship system that results in socio-economic dependence of women on men and stipulate their relative lower status compared to men. As such women and girls have restricted mobility, access to education, access to health facilities and lower decision-making power, and experience higher rates of violence. Despite existing reservations of women, their political participation is also hindered even at the panchayat (local governing bodies) level and also at the state and national levels. Policies on women’s welfare and empowerment exist at the national, state and local levels in many sectors, including health, education, economic opportunities, and political participation etc. However there are significant gaps between policy advancements and actual practice at the ground level. The present paper tries to analyze gender inequality in education, employment, work and political participation and legislative measures taken in reducing gender inequality. Besides this, the paper also attempts to study the various socio-economic problems and issues faced by women in India. The present paper is based on secondary data collected from several journals, magazines, newspapers as well as from Internet. The paper has also suggested some remedies for eradication of gender inequality.
Keywords: Gender Inequality, Gender discrimination, Egalitarian Society, Women’s Education, Social issues, Employment, Legislation.