Rallidae consisting of Rails, Crakes, Coot and Waterhens; these are the shy and surviving very secretive life in a specialized marshy habitat. The present study deals with their diversity, occurrence, population and their behavior. Gradually, threats to species and conservation measures were taken in account to give them a healthy and sustainable surrounding.
Keywords: Birds, Family, Rallidae, Solapur, Wetlands, Rails, Crakes.
 Sangmeshwar College, Solapur, Maharashtra.
 D.B.F. Dayanand College of Arts and Science, Solapur.