PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FOOTBALL PLAYERS ACCORDING TO THEIR PLAYING POSITIONS By Goswami, Sukanta[1] and Sarkar, L. N.

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to compare the psychological characteristics among the players of football in relation to the player position. The analysed sample included forty five male players who participated in the All India football competitions. The age levels of the subjects were ranged from 18-25 years. Subjects were divided into three groups (each group consists of fifteen players) on the basis of their position of play (defenders, midfielders and forwards). Purposive sampling method was used for the study. To measure the psychological characteristics of the subjects, self confidence was measured through questionnaire suggested by Hardy and Nelson (1992),aggression was measured through questionnaire developed by Buss & Perry (1992) and achievement motivation was measured through questionnaire developed by Kamlesh (1990) was administered. Statistical technique i.e. one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was employed to find out the inter-group differences and post-hoc test i.e. LSD was used for further analysis. To test the hypothesis, the level of significance was set at 0.05. The results revealed that the self confidence among the players in the different positions defender group is maximum in comparison to that of midfielder and forward groups; forward players shows better in aggression and achievement motivation than defender and midfielder players. Finally, it was revealed that the defenders and midfielders football players were similar with regard to self confidence, aggression and achievement motivation. The differences found in the studied variables with regard to the playing position are related to players’ needs regarding the actions they perform.

Keywords: Team sport, Self-confidence, Aggression, Achievement motivation, Role evaluation.

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