Indian education system is a producer of ‘British Rule’ whose aim was to prepare man-power for running the administration. It could neither fulfill the needs of the society – nor could it produce individuals capable of adjustment. This education led only to the one dimensional development of academic aspect of a person. There was no provision for emotional, moral, spiritual and social development of a person. Even the modern education today does not provide the curriculum and methods for the multidimensional growth of the personality. This kind of education makes a man over ambitious, jealous, selfish and materialistic. This single sided development leads to formation of negative traits like anxiety, stress, tension, hatred and jealousy .The present study was conducted to find the level of anxiety and emotional maturity among adolescents and to find the relationship between them. In order to realize these objectives, an anxiety scale and an emotional maturity was administered on a sample of 300 adolescents of Kerala selected through Random sampling method. It was found that majority of the adolescents have average anxiety and average emotional maturity and there exists a positive relationship between anxiety and emotional maturity among adolescents.